From Canvas to Kitchen: Georgia O’Keeffe’s Beloved Indian Pudding Recipe

Georgia O’Keeffe, a towering figure in American modernism, is renowned for her powerful and evocative paintings that capture the essence of natural forms and landscapes. However, few know about her culinary side, where she expressed her creativity through food. One of her cherished recipes was Indian Pudding, a classic American dessert with deep historical roots and a comforting, wholesome character that mirrors O’Keeffe’s minimalist aesthetic.

The Origins of Indian Pudding

Indian Pudding traces its roots back to the early American settlers, who adapted their traditional British recipes to the new ingredients they found in North America. The name “Indian” comes from “Indian meal,” an early American term for cornmeal. Native Americans introduced cornmeal to the settlers, who then used it to replace wheat flour in their beloved hasty pudding. The result was a uniquely American dish, rich with the flavors of the New World.

Cornmeal, molasses, milk, and spices are the main ingredients in Indian Pudding. This dish became a staple in New England, where it was cherished for its simplicity and ability to warm the soul during cold winters. Over time, Indian Pudding evolved, with each cook adding their unique twist, whether it was additional spices, eggs for a richer texture, or even dried fruits for a touch of sweetness.

Georgia O’Keeffe’s Approach to Food

Georgia O’Keeffe’s approach to food was much like her approach to art: simple, nourishing, and deeply connected to nature. Living in the remote landscapes of New Mexico, O’Keeffe cultivated a lifestyle that embraced the essentials. She grew her own vegetables, appreciated the beauty of simple, wholesome ingredients, and cooked meals that were both nourishing and delightful.

In her kitchen, O’Keeffe often prepared dishes that reflected her minimalist philosophy. Her Indian Pudding recipe is a perfect example of this approach, blending basic ingredients to create a dish that is more than the sum of its parts. The rich, warm flavors of molasses and cornmeal, combined with the fragrant spices, create a dessert that is both comforting and deeply satisfying.

Georgia O’Keeffe’s Indian Pudding Recipe

Here is Georgia O’Keeffe’s recipe for Indian Pudding, a dish that invites you to savor the flavors of history and simplicity.


  • 4 cups milk
  • 1/2 cup cornmeal
  • 1/2 cup molasses
  • 1/4 cup sugar
  • 1/4 cup butter
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
  • 2 large eggs
  • 1 cup heavy cream (optional, for serving)


  1. Preheat the Oven: Preheat your oven to 325°F (163°C). Grease a 2-quart baking dish.
  2. Scald the Milk: In a medium saucepan, heat the milk over medium heat until it is just about to boil. Do not let it boil. Remove from heat.
  3. Combine Dry Ingredients: In a bowl, mix the cornmeal, sugar, salt, cinnamon, ginger, and nutmeg.
  4. Add Molasses and Butter: Stir the molasses and butter into the hot milk until the butter is melted and the molasses is fully incorporated.
  5. Thicken the Mixture: Gradually whisk in the dry ingredients. Return the mixture to the heat and cook over low heat, stirring constantly, until it thickens, about 10-15 minutes.
  6. Temper the Eggs: In a small bowl, beat the eggs. Slowly add about 1 cup of the hot mixture to the eggs, whisking constantly to prevent the eggs from cooking. Then, add the egg mixture back into the saucepan and stir well.
  7. Bake the Pudding: Pour the mixture into the prepared baking dish. Bake in the preheated oven for 1 1/2 to 2 hours, or until the pudding is set and a deep golden brown. The center should be slightly soft but not liquid.
  8. Cool and Serve: Allow the pudding to cool slightly before serving. Serve warm, optionally topped with a splash of heavy cream or a scoop of vanilla ice cream.

The Art of Simple Pleasures

Georgia O’Keeffe’s Indian Pudding is more than just a dessert; it is a testament to the art of simple pleasures. Much like her paintings, this dish captures the essence of nature and history, transforming humble ingredients into a work of culinary art. The warm, spiced flavors evoke a sense of comfort and nostalgia, inviting you to slow down and savor each bite.

In today’s fast-paced world, O’Keeffe’s approach to both art and food reminds us of the beauty found in simplicity and mindfulness. Her Indian Pudding recipe is a delicious way to connect with American history, celebrate the flavors of the land, and appreciate the artistry in everyday life. So, the next time you’re looking for a dessert that is both comforting and rich with tradition, try Georgia O’Keeffe’s Indian Pudding and experience the timeless charm of this classic American treat.

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